Hermann Wilhelm Göring before becoming the second in command of Nazi Germany, was a prominent politician, aviator, and military leader. His career within National Socialist German Workers’ Party helped him rise to important positions from Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe (Air Force) to being appointed Reichsmarschall of the Wehrmarcht in 1940 by Adolf Hitler.
Although at first the union between the two men was solid, over time it weakened. Göring began to lose ground as he found himself unable to resupply the Axis forces and prevent attacks on German cities. All this made Hitler no longer able to trust his abilities as Göring lost popularity with the German people. So, he decides to withdraw from politics as necessary.
Göring lost all opportunity
All responsibilities, titles and trust were completely removed from him. Hitler decided to banish him from the party, when in 1945 there were strong rumors that the Nazi leader intended to commit suicide. The information reached the ears of Göring, who took the opportunity to offer himself, through a telegram, as the immediate successor of the führer, this was considered an act of treason.
Although, at the beginning of the war, it was Hitler who informed through a national decree that Göring would be his successor if necessary. But when the time came Martin Bornman, Hitler’s private secretary and Göring’s enemy, interceded in that telegram and considered the request to be treason. As a consequence he was forced to resign and, if he did not do so, his immediate execution would be set in motion.
Indeed, on April 30, 1945, Hitler committed suicide before being captured by the Soviets.. She bit into a cyanide capsule and shot herself in the temple. While his wife, Eva Braun, died of cyanide poisoning. The end of the war was approaching and with it the final destiny of each of the members of the Nazi party.
Captured and sentenced
Göring is captured on May 6, 1945 by the American army and transferred to the Ashcan camp and then to Nuremberg, where the courts sentenced more than 600 people involved in the Nazi party. Perhaps Göring’s death would have come sooner, because Bornman had requested his execution when he was captured by his allies. But the defeated military was, until then, safe.
In the trials he was charged with crimes against humanity, against peace, conspiracy, war crimes. All this ruled that Göring was executed on October 15, 1946., but the night before, in a desperate attempt to preserve his “honor”, Göring swallows a cyanide pill. He commits suicide.
Until now it is not known who exactly could have given him the pill, since he was confined for almost a year. A military veteran, Herbert Lee Stivers, assured, in 2005, that he had been responsible for giving Göring the poison. In any case, other theories have revolved around the mystery, such as that the responsibility falls on another military man who guarded the cell and who, apparently, was seduced by a woman to enter a pen that contained the capsule. The second most powerful leader of the Third Reich was dead.
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Who was Hermann Göring and how did he escape the gallows?
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