According to data from the Global Cancer Observatory (Globocan), it is estimated that ovarian cancer is the eighth most frequent malignant tumor in the female population worldwide, with more than 300,000 cases diagnosed per year.
Genetic factors of family history may indicate the development of this disease, which is generally unknown to women.
Within the framework of World Ovarian Cancer Day -which is commemorated every year on May 8- the campaign “Put the Ovaries on the Table” was relaunched for the second year, an initiative that seeks to raise awareness about the importance of early detection of this condition.
For 2022, the international slogan launched by the World Ovarian Cancer Coalition (WOCC) is #nowomanleftbehind (#don’tleavewomenbehind), which seeks to continue warning about the risks of this disease, where one of the most important risk factors is a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, since it has a very frequent genetic association in those patients with a history of mutation of the BRCA 1-2 genes.
“When one speaks of ovarian cancer, one generally refers to high-grade capillary serous ovarian cancer, which occurs in at least 80% of cases and frequently has hereditary as its main cause. From this genetic point of view, it is important to diagnose these patients early, because without a doubt they can have positive implications if they have an adequate family study”, explained Dr. Raimundo Correa, Gynecological Oncologist at the Luis Tisné Hospital and Las Condes Clinic.
According to data from Globocan for the year 2020 -the latest available-, in Chile about 549 women died per year from this disease and 837 suffered from it, with 2,428 cases reported in the last five years. The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unknown, and given the absence of specific symptoms, it is commonly diagnosed in advanced stages, which implies that its mortality rate is high. In fact, it is estimated that ovarian cancer is the eighth most frequent malignant tumor in the female population worldwide, with more than 300,000 cases diagnosed per year and more than 200,000 deaths in the same period of time.
Focusing on how this type of cancer occurs, the member of the Chilean Society of Gynecology-Oncology, Dr. Clemente Arab, explained that: “Among the risk factors is the increase in this pathology with age, exposure to ovulatory cycles and genetic factors, which in the case of BRCA gene mutations represent at least 25% of patients with ovarian cancer. On the other hand, endometriosis and asbestos exposure are less frequent”.
“Raising awareness about this disease could help improve prognosis,” says Agustina Elizalde, AstraZeneca’s Southern Cone Medical Director, who adds that “it is essential to highlight the importance of early detection and, if you have a family history of cancer, consult a specialist”.
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Let’s put the ovaries on the table: the importance of raising awareness about this inherited family cancer | Digital medium The Northern Fox
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